July 17, 2014

The Panthera Leopard Survey Moves to Ithala

The 1st July marked the beginning of the joint Wildlife ACT and Panthera leopard survey in Ithala Game Reserve in South Africa. The short term leopard surveys are conducted for about two months on one of the four reserves on which we work. The surveys take place between February and October.The conservation volunteers and wildlife monitors were fortunate enough to be joined by Director of Panthera's Leopard Program in Africa Dr Guy Balme, who assisted with the set up.The survey uses camera traps with the hope of capturing images of elusive leopards. Once the data is collected the team can then compile a database of each individual leopard in the reserve. Together our team set up 31 camera sites throughout Ithala.

Volunteers with a camera trap
volunteers setting up camera trap

Upon arrival at each site the team began by hammering two poles into the ground. The poles are placed across from one another in order to capture an image of the leopard’s left and right side. Having a visual of both sides of the leopard is important in order to identify each leopard according to its unique markings.Once the poles are put firmly in the ground the cameras are ready to be attached. A cable tie is wrapped around the camera and pole to securely fasten the two together. It is vital the cameras be secure since curiosity often urges passing animals to sniff, bite and even charge the camera.

Large-spotted genet camera trap
Giraffe at a camera trap
Buffalo camera trap

After many hours and soar muscles, scratches and blisters, we are finally done and ready to get a look at the first pictures!Written by conservation volunteers Matthew Bowen and Emma Kärrnäs

volunteer checking a camera trap